Honorable Terry Keel, Chair, House Committee on Criminal Jurisprudence
John S. O'Brien, Deputy Director, Legislative Budget Board
HB151 by Truitt (Relating to the punishment for the offense of burglary of a vehicle.), As Introduced
Estimated Two-year Net Impact to General Revenue Related Funds for HB151, As Introduced: a negative impact of ($9,138,948) through the biennium ending August 31, 2007.
The bill would make no appropriation but could provide the legal basis for an appropriation of funds to implement the provisions of the bill.
Probable Net Positive/(Negative) Impact to General Revenue Related Funds
Probable Savings/(Cost) from GENERAL REVENUE FUND 1
The bill would amend the Penal Code by enhancing the punishment for the offense of burglary of a vehicle from a Class A misdemeanor to a state jail felony. The change in law made by this Act applies only to an offense committed on or after September 1, 2005.
For fiscal year 2004, it is estimated that there were 1,076 misdemeanant probation placements for the offense of burglary of a vehicle. Based on direct court sentencing trends, it is assumed that 556 of the 1,076 placements would be sentenced directly to a term of incarceration in a state jail facility. It is also assumed that the remaining 520 placements would be placed under felony probation supervision. Offenders placed on felony probation would have a revocation rate of 26% after 3 years of supervision.
In order to estimate the future impact of the proposal, the changes proposed for admission and release policy were applied in a simulation model, to (1) state jail admissions that reflect the distribution of offenses, sentence lengths, and time served, and (2) the increase in the number of people on community supervision. Included in the estimated costs are projected community supervision operating costs.
Costs of incarceration by the Department of Criminal Justice are estimated on the basis of $33.78 per state jail inmate per day for state jail facilities, reflecting approximate costs of either operating facilities or contracting with other entities. No costs are included for state jail construction. Options available to address the increased demand for state jail capacity that would result from implementation of the bill include construction of new facilities and contracting with counties or private entities.
Local Government Impact
Increasing the penalty for the offense of burglary of a motor vehicle from a Class A misdemeanor to a state jail felony would represent a shift in responsibility from local government to the State in dealing with incarceration expenses. The shift would represent a significant increase in demands upon the correctional resources of the State; however, the positive impact to local government would be spread proportionately (based on the frequency of convictions).
212 Office of Court Administration, Texas Judicial Council, 405 Department of Public Safety, 696 Department of Criminal Justice