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  84R14474 T
  By: Darby H.B. No. 40
  relating to the express preemption of regulation of oil and gas
  operations and the exclusive jurisdiction of those operations by
  the state.
         SECTION 1.  The legislature finds that the laws and policy of
  this state have fostered successful development of oil and gas
  resources in concert with the growth of healthy and economically
  vibrant communities for over 100 years. The legislature
  acknowledges this cooperative progress and mutual benefit is
  derived from current statutes that provide effective and
  environmentally sound regulation of oil and gas operations that is
  so comprehensive and pervasive that it occupies the field, while
  facilitating the overriding policy objective to fully and
  effectively exploit oil and gas resources and protecting the
  environment and public's health and safety. The legislature
  recognizes that in order to continue this prosperity and the
  efficient management of a key industry in this state it is in the
  state's interest to explicitly confirm the authority for regulation
  of oil and gas activities within the state. The legislature intends
  that this Act expressly preempts regulation of oil and gas
  operations by municipalities and other political subdivisions that
  is already impliedly preempted by state law.
         SECTION 2.  Chapter 81, Natural Resources Code, is amended
  by adding a new Section to read as follows:
         Sec. 81.071.  EXPRESS PREEMPTION. (a) In this section:
               (1)  "Commercially reasonable" is defined as a
  condition that permits a reasonably prudent operator to fully,
  effectively, and economically exploit, develop, produce, process,
  and transport oil and gas.
               (2)  "Oil and gas operation" is defined as an activity
  associated with the exploration, development, production,
  processing, and transportation of oil and gas, including drilling,
  hydraulic fracture stimulation, completion, maintenance,
  reworking, recompletion, disposal, plugging and abandonment,
  secondary and tertiary recovery techniques, and remediation
         (b)  The authority of a municipality or other political
  subdivision to regulate an oil and gas operation is expressly
  preempted, except that a municipality is authorized to enact,
  amend, or enforce an ordinance or other measure that regulates only
  surface activity that is incident to an oil and gas operation, is
  commercially reasonable, does not effectively prohibit an oil and
  gas operation, and is not otherwise preempted by state or federal
         (c)  Except as to the authority recognized in Subsection (b),
  a municipality or other political subdivision may not enact or
  enforce an ordinance or other measure, or an amendment or revision
  of an existing ordinance or other measure, that bans, limits, or
  otherwise regulates an oil and gas operation within its boundaries
  or extraterritorial jurisdiction. An oil and gas operation is
  subject to the exclusive jurisdiction of the state.
         SECTION 3.  This Act takes effect immediately if it receives
  a vote of two-thirds of all the members elected to each house, as
  provided by Section 39, Article III, Texas Constitution. If this
  Act does not receive the vote necessary for immediate effect, this
  Act takes effect September 1, 2015.